Keys Battery Flag Major Thomas J Key Camp no1920 sesquicentenial logo
kcks

Charge to the Sons of Confederate Veterans






Do you have a Confederate ancestor?

Now is the time for you to become the man you were destined to be - JOIN!

Video: ALL BUT THEIR HONOR



Articles

Was Secession Legal and Justified?

"The War Between the States WAS NOT about Slavery" By Al Mccray

"The Birth of American Imperialism" by Thomas J. DiLorenzo
"In Defense of Sedition" by Thomas J. DiLorenzo

"Looking for Bob: Black Confederate Pensioners After the Civil War" by James G. Hollandsworth, Jr.

"A Moral Accounting of the Union and the Confederacy" by Donald W. Livingston

"The Anti-War Abolitionists: The Peace Movement's Split over the Civil War" by Sheldon Richman

"Lincoln's Tariff War" by Thomas J. DiLorenzo

"Gods, Generals, and Tariffs" by Thomas J. DiLorenzo

"Tariffs, Wars, and the Economics of Protection: Lessons from the History of American Textile" by Leo Adrianus

"THE ROLE OF PRIVATE TRANSPORTATION IN AMERICA'S 19th-CENTURY 'INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS' DEBATE" By Thomas J. DiLorenzo

"Henry Clay: National Socialist" By Thomas J. DiLorenzo

"The Confederate Constitution" By Randall G. Holcombe

"Why The War Was Not About Slavery" By Donald W. Livingston

"The Lincoln Curse(Obama Edition)" By Thomas J. DiLorenzo

"The Secession Tradition in America" By Donald W. Livingston

"The Yankee Problem in America" By Dr. Clyde Wilson

"Lincoln as the South Should Know Him" By O.W. Blacknall [1915]

"The Employment of Negroes as Soldiers in the Confederate Army" By Charles H. Wesley [1919]

"The History of How We Came to Revere Abraham Lincoln" By Joshua Zeitz
"To you, Sons of Confederate Veterans, we will commit the vindication of the cause for which we fought. To your strength will be given the defense of the Confederate soldier's good name, the guardianship of his history, the emulation of his virtues, the perpetuation of those principles which he loved and which you love also, and those ideals which made him glorious and which you also cherish."

Lt. General Stephen Dill Lee, Commander General,
United Confederate Veterans,
New Orleans, Louisiana, April 25, 1906.

Why The States Seceded


South Carolina Declaration of Secession; Seceded Dec 20, 1860
Mississippi Declaration of Secession; Seceded Jan 9, 1861
Florida Declaration of Secession; Seceded Jan 10, 1861
Alabama Declaration of Secession; Seceded Jan 11, 1861
Georgia Declaration of Secession; Seceded Jan 19, 1861
Louisiana Declaration of Secession; Seceded Jan 26, 1861
Texas Declaration of Secession; Seceded Feb 1, 1861
Virginia Declaration of Secession; Seceded Apr 17, 1861
Arkansas Declaration of Secession; Seceded May 6, 1861
North Carolina Declaration of Secession; Seceded May 20, 1861
Tennessee Declaration of Secession; Seceded June 8, 1861
Missouri Declaration of Secession; Seceded Oct 31, 1861
Kentucky Declaration of Secession; Seceded Nov 20, 1861






The Constitution of the Confederate States of America

President Jefferson Davis' First Inaugural Address

Vice President Alexander Stevens' Cornerstone Speech









Lectures


Was the Union Army's Invasion of the Confederate States a Lawful Act?
James Ostrowski - Secession, State, and Economy
(MP3)



War, Reconstruction and the End of the Old Republic
Tom Wilson - The Costs Of War
(MP3)



John C. Calhoun on Free Trade
Clyde W. Wilson
(MP3)



Rethinking Lincoln
Richard Gamble
(MP3)



Did the South Have to Fight?
Thomas Fleming
(MP3)



A RESOURCE LIBRARY

Martyrdom In Missouri Vol. 1 by Rev. W. M. Leftwich, D.D.
Martyrdom In Missouri Vol. 2 by Rev. W. M. Leftwich, D.D.
Click for a Description of This Title
"Missouri will ever be conspicuous in the annals of history as the only State in the American Union to inaugurate and authorize a formal opposition to Christianity, as an institution, and legalize the persecution of ministers of the gospel, as a class."
Reminiscences of the Women of Missouri During the Sixties [1868]
Click for a Description of This Title
"In publishing the Reminiscences of the Women of Missouri during the Civil war, the Missouri Division of the United Daughters of the Confederacy does not desire to keep alive sectional bitterness or revive memories which have lain dormant for half a century. The gathering of these precious statements from the survivors of that terrible time has been a labor of love. "
Third War: Irregular Warfare on the Western Border 1861-1865 by James B. Martin, Ph.D.
Click for a Description of This Title
The hatreds and feuds that stayed below the surface in a civilized society were freed by the all-consuming violence of this war, allowing men to act in ways that would have been unacceptable at any other time. While the Union officials, notably Henry Halleck, tried to establish rules of war to control this personal violence, they were markedly unsuccessful. Union authorities attempted to use these rules to combat the southern irregulars, but often chose to abide by them only selectively themselves. Murder, arson, and robbery became common occurrences along the border and the only excuse necessary for such actions was a suspicion that the victim supported the wrong side. Men who had lived as neighbors for many years, some even related to one another, now took up a cause that made them violent enemies.

The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government by Jefferson Davis
Click for a Description of This Title
"The object of this work has been from historical data to show that the Southern States had rightfully the power to withdraw from a Union into which they had, as sovereign communities, voluntarily entered; that the denial of that right was a violation of the letter and spirit of the compact between the States; and that the war waged by the Federal Government against the seceding States was in disregard of the limitations of the Constitution, and destructive of the principles of the Declaration of Independence." - Jefferson Davis

RECOLLECTIONS OF ALEXANDER H. STEPHENS by Alexander H. Stephens [1910]
Click for a Description of This Title
"His diary kept when a prisoner at Fort Warren, Boston Harbor, 1865; Giving incidents and reflections of his prison life and some letters and reminiscences."

BEYOND THE CAPACITY OF ANY MAN: CHRISTOPHER GUSTAVUS MEMMINGER AND THE FINANCIAL PROGRAMS OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA by MICHAEL JOHN MAHONEY [2006]
Click for a Description of This Title
"Christopher Gustavus Memminger faced the insurmountable task of financing the Confederate States of America. Appointed Secretary of the Treasury in February, 1861, Memminger was unprepare d for the realities of war. A poor leader, he pursued a financial policy that drove the Confederate economy into arrears. "

The Constitutional Right Of Secession In Political Theory And History by Andrei Kreptul
Click for a Description of This Title
"The purpose of this article is to examine the legal aspects of secession, especially as it relates to the constitutional laws of sovereign states."

Secession, State, and Liberty - Edited by David Gordon
Click for a Description of This Title
"Secession, then, is not a matter of 'battles long ago,' of interest only to Civil War buffs. As readers of Secession, State, and Liberty will I am confident agree, secession is a key issue of our age." - David Gordon

A Brief Enquiry Into The True Nature And Character Of Our Federal Government: Being A Review Of Judge Story's Commentaries On The Constitution Of The Unites States by Abel P. Upshur
Click for a Description of This Title
"The book to which the following pages relate has been for several years before the public. It has been reviewed by some of the principal periodicals of the country, and recommended in the strongest terms to public favor. I have no disposition to detract from its merits as a valuable compendium of historical facts, or as presenting just views of the Constitution in many respects. My attention has been directed to its political principles alone, and my sole purpose has been to inquire into the correctness of those principles, so far as they relate to the true nature and character of our Federal Government." - Abel P. Upshur

Also see An Exposition of the Virginia Resolutions of 1798 (1833) by Abel P. Upshur
Click for a Description of This Title
"On the other hand, the Federal government has a direct interest to enlarge its own powers, by encroaching on the rights of the States. The constituent can rarely, if ever, have an interest in contracting the powers of his agent, but prima facie, the agent always has an interest in making them greater. And when we reflect on the strong love which most men feel, for patronage and power, the influence of this interest upon the mere men who wield the Federal Government, (and who as to this argument, must be identified with it) affords much cause for distrust and fear. It is therefore much more probable that the Federal Government will abuse its power, than that the States will abuse theirs."

Union and Liberty: The Political Philosophy of John C. Calhoun By John C. Calhoun
Click for a Description of This Title
"These writings address such issues as states' rights and nullification, slavery, the growth of the Federal judicial power, and Calhoun's doctrine of the 'concurrent majority.' This selection presents twelve notable speeches, letters, and essays by Calhoun; among them are his famous Fort Hill Address and his two great treatises on government - 'A Disquisition on Government' and the 'Discourse on the Constitution and Government of the United States.'"
An Inquiry into the Principles and Policy of the Government of the United State by John Taylor [1814]
Click for a Description of This Title
The major political treatise by Taylor, one of the Southern supporters of Jefferson, who opposed the centralization of power in the hands of the federal government. It was in large part a reply to John Adam’s Defence of the Constitution (1787).

Construction Construed and Constitutions Vindicated by John Taylor [1820]
Click for a Description of This Title
Taylor defends a strict “states rights” interpretation of the U.S. Constitution and advocates limited republican government.

Tyranny Unmasked by John Taylor [1822]
Click for a Description of This Title
John Taylor wrote Tyranny Unmasked not only to assault the protective tariff and the mercantilist policies of the times but also “to examine general principles in relation to commerce, political economy, and a free government.” As an early discussion of the principles of governmental power and their relationship to political economy and liberty, Tyranny Unmasked is an important primary source in the study of American history and political thought.

A VIEW OF THE CONSTITUTION OF THE United States of America. BY WILLIAM RAWLE, LL.D. [1829]
Click for a Description of This Title
This text was used at West Point prior to the war.
The secession of a state from the Union depends on the will of the people of such state. The people alone as we have already seen, hold the power to alter their constitution. The Constitution of the United States is to a certain extent, incorporated into the constitutions or the several states by the act of the people. The state legislatures have only to perform certain organical operations in respect to it. To withdraw from the Union comes not within the general scope of their delegated authority. There must be an express provision to that effect inserted in the state constitutions. This is not at present the case with any of them, and it would perhaps be impolitic to confide it to them. A matter so momentous, ought not to be entrusted to those who would have it in their power to exercise it lightly and precipitately upon sudden dissatisfaction, or causeless jealousy, perhaps against the interests and the wishes of a majority of their constituents.” --CHAPTER XXXII. OF THE PERMANENCE OF THE UNION.

No Treason by Lysander Spooner [1867]
Click for a Description of This Title

"The question of treason is distinct from that of slavery; and is the same that it would have been, if free States, instead of slave States, had seceded.

"On the part of the North, the war was carried on, not to liberate slaves, but by a government that had always perverted and violated the Constitution, to keep the slaves in bondage; and was still willing to do so, if the slaveholders could be thereby induced to stay in the Union.

"The principle, on which the war was waged by the North, was simply this: That men may rightfully be compelled to submit to, and support, a government that they do not want; and that resistance, on their part, makes them traitors and criminals." - Lysander Spooner


The Cotton Kingdom Volume I by Frederick Law Olmsted [1861]
The Cotton Kingdom Volume II by Frederick Law Olmsted [1861]
A Journey in the Seaboard Slave States by Frederick Law Olmsted [1856]
Click for a Description of This Title

Published in 1861, just as the Southern states were storming out of the Union, it has been hailed ever since as singularly fair and authentic, an unparalleled account of America's "peculiar institution."


Noted Guerrillas, or, The warfare of the Border by John Newman Edwards [1877]
Click for a Description of This Title

Full Title: Noted guerrillas, or, The warfare of the border : being a history of the lives and adventures of Quantrell, Bill Anderson, George Todd, Dave Poole, Fletcher Taylor, Peyton Long, Oll Shepherd, Arch Clements, John Maupin, Tuck and Woot Hill, Wm. Gregg, Thomas Maupin, the James brothers, the Younger brothers, Arthur McCoy, and numerous other well known guerrillas of the West (1877) by John Newman Edwards


Outlaws of the Border by JAY DONALD. [1882]
Click for a Description of This Title

There have been issued several publications representing these outlaws as heroes, and clothing them in a garb of romance likely to mislead the minds of youth, who feeling the first promptings of the valor inherent in the race, naturally conclude that persons who appear chivalrous and brave, must necessarily have many virtues, and that these outlaws may possibly have been "more sinned against than sinning." Observing the bad influences of such books, the publishers determined to issue a work that would reveal the true character of these brigands, and show to the vouthful mind that an evil course of action is always sure to bring its own reward, and that the glamor of apparent success cannot compensate for the bad results of a vicious career. Mainly in the hope of contributing something toward the correction of the tendency referred to, this work is respectfully presented to the public.


Speeches, Arguments, and Letters of Clement L. Vallandigham [1864]
Click for a Description of This Title

And just now is the fitting moment to offer to the public the patriotic words of warning and wisdom which, for now nearly four years, have been not only rejected, but denounced as "treason." Defeated armies, an enormous public debt, and intolerable taxation, a decaying commerce, ruined currency, and bankrupt country - these are indeed severe but most instructive schoolmasters.


Executive Power by Benjamin Robbins Curtis [1862]
Click for a Description of This Title

"This is not a government of men. It is a government of laws. And the laws are required by the people to be in conformity with their will, declared by the Constitution. Our loyalty is due to that will. Our obedience is due to those laws ; and he who would induce submission to other laws, springing from sources of power not originating in the people, but in casual events, and in the mere will of the occupants of places of power, does not exhort us to loyalty, but to a desertion of our trust."


United States Bonds or DURESS BY FEDERAL AUTHORITY: A Journal of Current Affairs During an Imprisonment of Fifteen Months, at Fort Delaware BY ISAAC W. K. HANDY, D. D. [1874]
Click for a Description of This Title

Rev. Dr. I. W. K. Handy, of the Presbyterian Church of Virginia, who was arrested on an utterly frivolous charge and made a prisoner at Fort Delaware, and whose evangelical labors among the prisoners were so greatly blessed, has published a volume of 670 pages, entitled "United States Bonds," in which he gives a vivid account of the indignities, cruelties and sufferings to which the prisoners there were subjected.


DESTRUCTION AND RECONSTRUCTION: Personal Experiences of the Late War by RICHARD TAYLOR, Lieutenant-General in the Confederate Army. [1879]
Click for a Description of This Title

"These reminiscences of Secession, War, and Reconstruction it has seemed to me a duty to record. An actor therein, accident of fortune afforded me exceptional advantages for an interior view. The opinions expressed are sincerely entertained, but of their correctness such readers as I may find must judge. I have in most cases been a witness to the facts alleged, or have obtained them from the best sources. Where statements are made upon less authority, I have carefully endeavored to indicate it by the language employed."
R. TAYLOR.
December, 1877.


A Confederate Catechism by Lyon Gardiner Tyler [1929]
Click for a Description of This Title

This pamphlet of 20 questions and answers concerning the causes of Lincoln's War. It was written by the son of President John Tyler in an effort to combat Yankee revisionism.


Military Memoirs of a Confederate: a Critical Narrative by Edward Porter Alexander [1907]
Click for a Description of This Title

"The raison d'etre of the following pages ... is the criticism of each campaign as one would criticize a game of chess only to point out the good and bad plays on each side, and the moves which have influenced the result."


Life of General Nathan Bedford Forrest by John Allan Wyeth [1899]
Click for a Description of This Title

"Wyeth's biography of Forrest stands as one of the best written about him. It is a 'must read' for any serious student of the civil war as it was fought in the west (Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi and Kentucky). While other biographies have been written (such as, "Bedford Forrest and His Critter Company", by Ansrew Nelson Lytle and "First with the Most Forrest" by Robert Selph Henry), they don't have the breadth that Wyeth's book has. Of course, the only biography actually reviewed and approved by General Forrest was Jordan and Pryor's "The Campaigns of Lieut. Gen. Forrest and of Forrest's Cavalry", but this work is flawed by a markedly biased position on the part of the authors and by their inability to access the Official Records. On the other hand, they did interview Forrest and most of his surviving authors and Wyeth drew much of his material from this work. Still, for the definitive story of Forrest's life, Wyeth's book is the acknowledged source. "


Frank Leslie's Illustrated History of the Civil War [1895]
Click for a Description of This Title

"This work will be a supplement to every written history, portraying as it does the striking incidents of battle, and giving likenesses of the leaders whose names were on every lip in the days of strife."


Civil War and Reconstruction in Alabama by Walter L. Fleming Ph.D. [1905]
Click for a Description of This Title

"When Alabama seceded in 1861, it had been in existence as a political organization less than half a century, but in many respects its institutions and customs were as old as European America."


Reconstruction in Arkansas 1864-1872 by Thomas S. Staples [1923]
Click for a Description of This Title

"As the Union forces advanced through Arkansas during 1863 the Confederate government collapsed in the territory within the lines of the invading army. Confederate officials and courts disappeared and left the people without civil processes. Confusion preceded the conquerors. By midsummer of that year all the territory north and east of the Arkansas River was cleared of organized Confederate forces. Throughout the year Union sympathizers were finding their way to the protection of the federal army and southern refugees were drifting southward. Life and property in that region were insecure. Local bad feeling grew* worse. The situation was especially galling to those in the northwestern portion of the state whose sympathy for secession and the Confederacy had never been very pronounced. Those in charge of federal military affairs in the field saw clearly the situation, and President Lincoln was anxious to turn it to good account."


The Civil War and Reconstruction in Florida by William Watson Davis [1913]
Click for a Description of This Title

"The crop of Civil War and Reconstruction monographs is steadily increasing and today at least exhibits evidences of good intention and industry on the part of the monographists. Maybe from these detailed studies a wiser an juster interpretation of the period will be produced for some later generation, although nothing, not even monographs, can save a generation from seeking what it desires, which in matters historical seems to be history that is proven and interesting - regardless of the facts of the case."


Reconstruction in Georgia by C. Mildred Thompson [1915]
Click for a Description of This Title

"Reconstruction in Georgia can be understood only by seeing, in the first place, what were the effects of the war on the state -- how population, white and black, was altered; to what extent a war economy injured the great agricultural and commercial interests and developed or transformed industrial enterprise; what were the resources of the state, its debit and its credit; and in what political temper the people of Georgia met the new business of statehood in 1865."


Reconstruction in Louisiana after 1868 by Ella Lonn [1918]
Click for a Description of This Title

"The great extent and well-nigh inextricable confusion of the period doubtless explains why writers have veered away from the subject, otherwise dramatic and absorbing."


Reconstruction in Mississippi by James Wilford Garner [1901]
Click for a Description of This Title

"The primary purpose of this work is to give a detailed study of reconstruction in Mississippi with reference to its political, military, economic, educational, and legal phases."


Reconstruction in North Carolina by J. G. de Roulhac Hamilton [1906]
Click for a Description of This Title

"No sooner had Federal troops gained a foothold in the State than efforts were made to gather together such of the people as favored the cause of the Union and such as were dissatisfied with the Confederacy, by means of the establisment of a new State government around which they might rally. Two such attempts were made, both unsuccessful."


Reconstruction in South Carolina 1865-1877 by John S. Reynolds [1905]
Click for a Description of This Title

"Upon the collapse of the Government of the Confederate State, following the dispersion of the armies of Lee and Johnston, there was but the semblance of civil authority in South Carolina."


The Secession and Reconstruction of Tennessee by James Walter Fertig [1898]
Click for a Description of This Title

"The re-admission of the states was not the only question involved in reconstruction. The admission of four millions of people, morally low, poverty-stricken and ignorant, as contituent members of the bodies-politic, and their transformation in a day into a people capable of performing the duties of citizenship in a highly civilized, self-governing society, was a question more difficult to solve."


Reconstruction in Texas by Charles William Ramsdell [1910]
Click for a Description of This Title

"In narrating the process of reconstruction in any of the Southern States, one is naturally drawn into a sympathetic attitude toward the people whose social and political system was being 'reconstructed.'"


The Political History of Virginia During the Reconstruction by Hamilton James Eckenrode [1904]
Click for a Description of This Title

"This monograph does not attempt to deal with the economic, social and constitutional features of the reconstruction. The investigation is chiefly concerned with political parties."


THE TARIFF HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES By F.W. Taussig [1910]
Click for a Description of This Title

"This is not economic history as that phrase has come to be understood in recent years. It is more than a litany of facts and data manipulated with econometrics. This is super-charged, very interesting history of real people, institutions, and policies and their effects. Taussig shows how the tariff policies had an enormous influence on the direction of U.S. industrial development, and the conflicts caused by intervention."


Some Aspects of the Tariff Question By F.W. Taussig [1915]
Click for a Description of This Title

"The main purpose of the present volume is to consider and illustrate some questions of principle in the controversy on free trade and protection. The three chapters which constitute Part I state these questions and summarize the main conclusions. The succeeding Parts give illustrations and verifications drawn from the history of several industries -- sugar, iron and steel, and textiles. Something is thereby done, I trust, to make more precise and complete the theory of the subject, and to vivify it through illustrations from experience; and some contribution is offered also on the general economic history of the United States."


A HISTORY OF MONEY AND BANKING IN THE UNITED STATES: THE COLONIAL ERA TO WORLD WAR II By Murray N. Rothbard [2002]
Click for a Description of This Title

"Although its five parts were written separately, this volume presents a relatively integrated narrative, with very little over-lap, that sweeps across three hundred years of U.S. monetary history."


Two Treatises of Government: In the Former, The False Principles and Foundation of Sir Robert Filmer, and His Followers, Are Detected and Overthrown: The Latter, Is an Essay Concerning the Original,Extent, and End, of Civil Government by John Locke[1689]
Click for a Description of This Title

"The people shall be judge; for who shall be judge whether his trustee or deputy acts well, and according to the trust reposed in him, but he who deputes him, and must, by having deputed him, have still a power to discard him, when he fails in his trust?"

The "Key" camp of the Kansas Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans
Exemplars to a Future Age


Page hit count: